Skip to main content

MLA 8th edition: Home

Created by Eryn Roles @ Marshall University in 2018

Why a new edition?

The Modern Language Association's eighth edition of the MLA Handbook, published in 2016, is designed to rethink documentation for an era of digital publication. Rather than a list of required citation formulas, it recommends a universal set of guidelines that can be applied to any source (print, electronic, or physical). This gives writers in all fields—from the sciences to the humanities—the tools to effectively document sources based on what a particular audience needs to know about the sources.

MLA Handbook - Table of Contents


Pt. 1. Principles of MLA style
Pt. 2. Details of MLA style :
1. The mechanics of scholarly prose :
    1.1 Names of persons
    1.2 Titles of sources
    1.3 Quotations
    1.4 Numbers
    1.5 Dates and times
    1.6 Abbreviations
2. Works cited :
    2.1 Names of authors
    2.2. Titles
    2.3 Versions
    2.4 Publisher
    2.5 Locational elements
    2.6 Punctuation in the works-cited list
    2.7 Formatting & ordering the works-cited list
3. In-text citations :
    3.1 Author
    3.2 Title
    3.3 Numbers in in-text citations
    3.4 Indirect sources
    3.5 Repeated use of sources
    3.6 Punctuation in the in-text citation
4. Citations in forms other than print.

MLA 8th edition

Major Changes in the 8th edition

Omitted, deleted, done away with:

  • medium of publication (Web, Print)
  • place of publication, for most items
  • date a webpage was accessed, for most items
  • the abbreviations n.d. (no date) and n.p. (no place)
  • common terms in the works-cited list like editor, edited by, translator, and review of are no longer abbreviated.
  • et al. is used after the first author when there are three or more authors for the source (previously, this was an option when there were four or more authors)

Added or expanded:

  • volume and issue numbers are labeled as vol. and no., so it's vol. 41, no. 7 rather than 41.7
  • page numbers are preceded by p. or pp.
  • copy the full URL from the Web browser, but omit the http:// or https:// (unless your instructor tells you to include them)
  • if a DOI (digital object identifier) is available, cite that (preceded by doi:) rather than the URL.
  • provide publishers' full names (with the exception of business words such as Co., Corp, Inc. or Ltd.); replace University Press with UP
  • pseudonyms, including online usernames and screen names, can be used as authors' names; but do not use "Anonymous" if no name is given

PURDUE OWL MLA PAGE

Creative Commons License
Eva B. Dykes Library Libguides by Oakwood University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.