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Turabian Citation Style Guide: Secondary Sources

Content Provided courtesy of the Dudley Knox Library, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA

Secondary Sources (one source quoted in another)

*Generally discouraged, but if original source is unavailable, both the original and the secondary source must be listed. Examples from A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7th ed.

N:  8. Louis Zukofsky, “Sincerety and Objectification,” Poetry 37 (February 1931): 269, quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981), 78.

B:  Zukofsky, Louis. "Sincerety and Objectification.” Poetry 37 (February 1931): 269. Quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981.

P:  (Zukofsky 1931, 269)

R:  Zukofsky, L. 1931. Sincerety and objectification. Poetry 37 (February): 269. Quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary possessions (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1981).


N: = Note

B: = Biblography

P: = In-text citations which are enclosed in parentheses.

R: = Reference List


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